Brain–computer interface – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A brain–computer interface (BCI), sometimes called a mind-machine interface (MMI), direct neural interface (DNI), orbrain–machine interface (BMI), is a direct communication pathway between the brain and an external device. BCIs are often directed at assisting, augmenting, or repairing human cognitive or sensory-motor functions.
Research on BCIs began in the 1970s at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) under a grant from the National Science Foundation, followed by a contract from DARPA. The papers published after this research also mark the first appearance of the expression brain–computer interface in scientific literature.
Binary opposition – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In critical theory, a binary opposition (also binary system) is a pair of terms or concepts that are theoretical opposites. In structuralism, a binary opposition is seen as a fundamental organizer of human philosophy, culture, and language.
Structuralists view society and its rules as expressions of deep structures, often binary codes, that express our primary natures.
structuralism: art as not autonomous.
Structuralists view society and its rules as expressions of deep structures, often binary codes, that express our primary natures. A systematic study of such codes is semiotics, which was later hijacked by Poststructuralists as evidence that language alone provides a true reality.
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